If you have aftermarket sound in your vehicle than you have an amplifier and understand the importance of this non-audio producing component. Think of your amp as the life source of your system. Without this piece your aftermarket project might look pretty, but it will produce absolutely no sound. With that being said, you must take special care of your amp because any imperfections or damages will distort your sound.
And I am more than confident to say that if you are dealing with aftermarket parts, you have overheated at least one amplifier during your DIY career. I know I have, and there is nothing more frustrating than replacing an amp for such an avoidable reason. Here are some tips and tricks I have picked up since I started working here at Sonic Electronix that I want to pass onto you, so you can avoid this predicament in the future:
Let’s start with the biggest factor influencing amplifier overheating; amplifier quality. Higher quality amps are designed to optimize the power provided by your vehicle’s battery and alternator. Cheap amps waste more power than they actually use, which means all this wasted power turns into heat causing your amplifier to overheat. Basically if you’ve properly installed your amplifier in a location that does not obstruct air flow and you keep wondering why on earth your amp keeps overheating; it’s cheap and time for an upgrade. Brands like Hifonics, JL Audio, NVX and Rockford Fosgate are prominent manufacturers with prominent products, including amplifiers.
Next let’s talk about ventilation. As we all know heat rises, so you should never mount your amplifier upside down or underneath carpet. You want it to have as much clearance above it as possible, so heat can dissipate away from the amplifier and air can flow inward. If you mounted the amp in a way that allows for ventillation but you find it is still overheating, you will want to invest in a cooling fan for you amp in order to blow heat away from your amplifier.
Next we have another big factor contributing to amplifier overheating; mismatching the speaker’s power specifications to the amplifier’s specifications. Match the load of the speaker to the amp as close as possible, this enables the amp to power the speakers without wasting any power which turns into additional heat. Also during the install process, make sure your ground connection was done correctly. The most efficient ground connection is when the wire is touching the sanded metal at the frame. Ensure this ground wire is not touching any paint or preexisting nuts and bolts.
Amplifier Protection Mode
One outcome of overheating is that your amplifier goes into protection mode. The cause of this is either excessive playtime which in fact is directly correlated to overheating your amplifier. Another possibility is that you’re either a reckless driver or you were driving on bumpy roads which lead your wiring to loosen. To troubleshoot this problem to determine if your amplifier is overheating or simply improperly wired, you first have to disconnect everything from your amp except the power, ground, and remote turn on wires. Which means you disconnect all speakers, subs, RCA’s, and bass knobs from the amplifier. Once you power up the amp, if it still reads in protect mode, you have a defective amplifier and it needs to be replaced to optimize your sound quality. However, if the amplifier powers up properly, it is an external issue and you should contact our Technical Support for assistance. (661)-257-4737
In conclusion there are three things you should take away. The installation process plays a huge influence in reducing the heat your amplifier endures. Next you have to consider if the unit was installed in a location that allows for proper ventilation. And if those two factors aren’t the culprit for overheating, it seems you purchased a cheap amplifier that needs to be replaced.