A component speakers has separate woofers, tweeters, and external crossovers which allow for many different installation configurations. Component systems can have anywhere from 2 to 4 speakers, each connected via the external crossover network. This crossover sends the correct frequency to each speaker, so the low sub frequencies are not trying to be played by the high frequency tweeter. Because each speaker is separate, they can be placed anywhere the installer desires, however it is recommended that they remain within 8 inches of each other. It is not uncommon to find the midrange woofer in the lower half of the door while the tweeter is in the upper half or the A-Pillar by the windshield.
2-Way Component Speakers – Infinity Reference 6030cs
The advantages of component speakers are usually better sound quality because an installer can place the speakers appropriately for your vehicle. There is added cost for component speakers over the standard coaxial and the installation is more difficult for do-it-yourselfers. Time alignment can be an issue if the speakers are too far apart, all the frequencies should reach your ear at the same time for ideal sound. Tweeters are directional, meaning they need to be pointed at the listener’s ear, while the midbass driver is not directional. This means more realistic sound for the listener if positioned correctly.
Component speaker systems will be labeled as 2-Way, 3-Way or even 4-Way, the most common being 2-Way. The number associates how many speakers come in the set, so a 3-Way set will come with 3 speakers, a midbass speaker, midrange speaker, and tweeter. A 2-way will come with a midrange speaker and a tweeter and is the most common setup with an included subwoofer to fill in the low frequencies. Component speakers are a great choice for the standard listener as well as the audiophile.